Exodus (Remastered Deluxe Edition) Bob Marley & The Wailers
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- 1Natural Mystic03:31
- 2So Much Things To Say03:08
- 4The Heathen02:32
- 7Waiting In Vain04:16
- 8Turn Your Lights Down Low03:40
- 9Three Little Birds03:03
- 10One Love / People Get Ready (Medley)02:51
- 11Natural Mystic (Alternate Version)03:35
- 12The Heathen (Alternate Version)02:24
- 13Exodus (7" Version)04:29
- 14Exodus (B-Side / Single Version)03:08
- 15Jamming (7" Version)03:21
- 16Jamming (12" Version)05:52
- 17Jamming (Dub)03:04
- 18Punky Reggae Party (7" Version / Original Mix)04:25
- 19Punky Reggae Party (12" Version)06:52
- 20Punky Reggae Party (Jamaican 12" Version)09:18
- 21Punky Reggae Party (Dub / Jamaican 12" Version)08:47
- 22Waiting In Vain (Advert Mix)03:59
- 23Waiting In Vain (Alternate Version)04:43
- 25Three Little Birds (Alternate Mix)03:07
- 26Keep On Moving06:25
- 27Keep On Moving (Dub)07:15
- 28Exodus (Radio Advertisement)01:07
- 29So Much Things To Say (Live At The Rainbow Theatre, London / June 1, 1977 / Edit)04:25
- 30Exodus (Live At The Rainbow Theatre, London / June 2, 1977 / Edit)11:46
Info zu Exodus (Remastered Deluxe Edition)
Wenn man ein einzelnes Album als Bob Marleys Meisterwerk herauspicken wollte, so müsste die Wahl auf Exodus fallen. Es entstand während eines längeren Aufenthalts in London, wohin Marley nach einem bewaffneten Überfall auf sein Haus in Jamaica gegangen war, und ist ein respekteinflößendes, musikalisches Statement, das Autorität verströmt und Bilder biblischen Dramas mit tiefempfundener Solidarität und liebevollen, persönlichen Gefühlen verbindet. Erschienen ist das Album am 3. Juni 1977 und es enthält einige von Marleys größten und beliebtesten Hits: Jamming, Waiting In Vain, Three Little Birds, One Love/ People Get Ready und natürlich den Titeltrack. Das Magazin Time ernannte es zum “Besten Album des 20. Jahrhunderts”.
"Nach dem Erfolg von "Natty Dread" (1974) und "Rastaman Vibration" (1976) war Bob Marley nicht nur der erfolgreichste Reggae-Musiker der Welt, sondern auch einer der mächtigsten Männer in Jamaika. So mächtig, dass er im Dezember 1976 von Bewaffneten erschossen wurde, die in sein Haus einbrachen, wenige Tage bevor er ein großes Gratiskonzert geben sollte, um die Spannungen vor einer umstrittenen Wahl zum jamaikanischen Premierminister abzubauen. Nach dem Attentat verließen Marley und seine Band Jamaika und ließen sich für zwei Jahre in London nieder, wo er 1977 das Album Exodus aufnahm. Thematisch stellte Exodus eine subtile, aber bedeutende Veränderung für Marley dar; während er sich weiterhin gegen politische Korruption und für Freiheit und Gleichheit für die Menschen in der Dritten Welt aussprach, handelten seine Texte weniger von Besonderheiten und mehr von Allgemeinheiten und der Notwendigkeit von Frieden und Liebe (obwohl "So Much Things to Say", "Guiltiness" und "The Heathen" zeigen, dass die Kugeln nur so viel Stachel aus Marleys Texten gezogen hatten). Und während Songs wie "Exodus" und "One Love/People Get Ready" hymnisch waren, hatten sie auch weniger zu sagen als das pointiertere Material von Marleys früheren Alben. Auch wenn Marley in seinen Ansichten vorsichtiger geworden war (und das nicht ohne Grund), war sein Können als Songschreiber so stark wie eh und je, und "Exodus" enthielt mehr als nur ein paar Klassiker, darunter den Titelsong, "Three Little Birds", "Waiting in Vain" und "Turn Your Lights Down Low", Stücke, die Marleys Gabe definierten, gleichzeitig entspannt und prägnant zu klingen. Seine Begabung als Sänger war bei diesen Sessions nahezu auf dem Höhepunkt und brachte eine breite Palette an emotionalen Farben in seine Darbietungen ein, und diese Besetzung der Wailers - mit dem Bassisten Aston "Family Man" Barrett, dem Schlagzeuger Carlton Barrett und dem Gitarristen Julian "Junior" Murvin - ist hervorragend und durchweg mühelos in der Tasche. Exodus wurde zu einer Zeit aufgenommen, als Bob Marley die unerwarteten Kosten des internationalen Ruhms kennenlernte, aber noch nicht an seiner kreativen Kraft gezehrt hatte, und dies ist eines der besten Alben in seinem hervorragenden Katalog." (Mark Deming, AMG)
Bob Marley, lead and backing vocals, guitars
Junior Marvin, electric guitars
Aston Barrett, bass
Carlton Barrett, drums
Tyrone Downie, synthesizer, electric piano, organ and backing vocals
Alvin "Seeco" Patterson, percussions
Rita Marley, backing vocals
Marcia Griffiths, backing vocals
Judy Mowatt, backing vocals
Recorded 1976; January–April 1977 at Harry J. Studio (Kingston, Jamaica) Island (London)
Produced by Bob Marley and the Wailers
b. Robert Nesta Marley, 6 February 1945, St. Anns, Jamaica, West Indies, d. 11 May 1981, Miami, Florida, USA. This legendary singer's vocal group, the Wailers, originally comprised six members: Marley, Bunny Wailer, Peter Tosh, Junior Braithwaite, Beverley Kelso and Cherry Smith. Bob Marley And The Wailers are the sole Jamaican group to have achieved global superstar status, together with genuine penetration of world markets. The original group was formed during 1963. After extensive tuition with the great vocalist Joe Higgs, they began their recording career later that year for Coxsone Dodd, although Marley had made two singles for producer Leslie Kong in 1962 - "Judge Not" and "One Cup Of Coffee". Their first record, "Simmer Down", released just before Christmas 1963 under the group name Bob Marley And The Wailers, went to number 1 on the JBC Radio chart in January 1964, holding that position for the ensuing two months and reputedly selling over 80,000 copies. This big local hit was followed by "It Hurts To Be Alone", featuring Junior Braithwaite on lead vocal, and "Lonesome Feeling", with lead vocal by Bunny Wailer. During the period 1963-66, the Wailers made over 70 tracks for Dodd, over 20 of which were local hits, covering a wide stylistic base - from cover versions of US soul and doo-wop with ska backing, to the newer, less frantic "rude-boy" sounds that presaged the development of rocksteady, and including many songs that Marley re-recorded in the 70s.
In late 1965, Braithwaite left to go to America, and Kelso and Smith also departed that year. On 10 February 1966, Marley married Rita Anderson, at the time a member of the Soulettes, later to become one of the I-Threes and a solo vocalist in her own right. The next day he left to join his mother in Wilmington, Delaware, USA returning to Jamaica in October 1966; the Wailers were now a vocal trio. They recorded the local hit "Bend Down Low" at Studio One late in 1967 (though it was actually self-produced and released on their own label, Wail 'N' Soul "M"). This and other self-produced output of the time is among the rarest, least reissued Wailers music, and catches the group on the brink of a new maturity; for the first time there were overtly Rasta songs. By the end of that year, following Bunny Wailer's release from prison, they were making demos for Danny Sims, the manager of soft-soul singer Johnny Nash, who hit the UK charts in April 1972 with the 1968 Marley composition, "Stir It Up". This association proved incapable of supporting them, and they began recording for producer Leslie Kong, who had already enjoyed international success with Desmond Dekker, the Pioneers and Jimmy Cliff.
Kong released several singles and an album called The Best Of The Wailers in 1970. By the end of 1969, wider commercial success still eluded them. Marley, who had spent the summer of 1969 working at the Chrysler car factory in Wilmington, returned to Jamaica, and the trio began a collaboration with Lee Perry that proved crucially important to their future development. Not only did Perry help to focus more effectively the trio's rebel stance, but they worked with the bass and drum team of brothers, Aston "Familyman" Barrett and Carlton Barrett (b. 17 December 1950, Kingston, Jamaica, d. 1987, Kingston, Jamaica), who became an integral part of the Wailers' sound.
The music Bob Marley And The Wailers made with Perry during 1969-71 represents possibly the height of their collective powers. Combining brilliant new songs such as "Duppy Conqueror", "Small Axe" and "Sun Is Shining' with definitive reworkings of old material, backed by the innovative rhythms of the Upsetters and the equally innovative influence of Perry, this body of work stands as a zenith in Jamaican music. It was also the blueprint for Bob Marley's international success. The group continued to record for their own Tuff Gong label after the Perry sessions and came to the attention of Chris Blackwell, then owner of Island Records. Island had released much of the Wailers' early music from the Studio One period, although the label had concentrated on the rock market since the late 60s. Their first album for the company, 1973's Catch A Fire, was packaged like a rock album, and targeted at the album market in which Island had been very successful. The band arrived in the UK in April 1973 to tour and appear on television. In July 1973 they supported Bruce Springsteen at Max's Kansas City club in New York. Backed by an astute promotional campaign, Catch A Fire sold well enough to warrant the issue of Burnin", adding Earl Lindo to the group, which signalled a return to a militant, rootsy approach, unencumbered by any rock production values.
The rock/blues guitarist Eric Clapton covered "I Shot The Sheriff" from this album, taking the tune to the number 9 position in the UK chart during the autumn of 1974, and reinforcing the impact of the Wailers in the process.
Just as the band was poised on the brink of wider success, internal differences caused Tosh and Bunny Wailer to depart, both embarking on substantial solo careers, and Lindo left to join Taj Mahal. The new Wailers band, formed in mid-1974, included Marley, the Barrett brothers and Bernard "Touter" Harvey on keyboards, with vocal harmonies by the I-Threes, comprising Marcia Griffiths, Rita Marley and Judy Mowatt.
This line-up, with later additions, would come to define the so-called "international" reggae sound that Bob Marley And The Wailers played until Marley's death in 1981. In establishing that form, not only on the series of albums recorded for Island but also by extensive touring, the band moved from the mainstream of Jamaican music into the global market. As the influence of Bob Marley spread, not only as a musician but also as a symbol of success from the so-called "Third World", the music made locally pursued its own distinct course. 1975 was the year in which the group consolidated their position, with the release of the massively successful Natty Dread and rapturously received concerts at the London Lyceum. These concerts attracted both black and white patrons - the crossover had begun. At the end of the year Marley achieved his first UK chart hit, the autobiographical "No Woman No Cry". His first live album, comprising material from the Lyceum concerts, was also released in that year. He continued to release an album a year until his death, at which time a spokesman for Island Records estimated worldwide sales of $190 million. Marley survived an assassination attempt on 3 December 1976, leaving Jamaica for 18 months in early 1977.
In July, following a harmless incident when he stubbed his foot during a game of football, he had an operation in Miami to remove cancer cells from his right toe.
His albums Exodus and Kaya enjoyed massive international sales. In April 1978, he played the One Love Peace Concert in Kingston, bringing the two leaders of the violently warring Jamaican political parties (Michael Manley and Edward Seaga) together in a largely symbolic peacemaking gesture. The band then undertook a huge worldwide tour that took in the USA, Canada, Japan, Australia and New Zealand. His own label, Tuff Gong, was expanding its interests, developing new talent. The album Survival was released to the usual acclaim, being particularly successful in Africa. The song "Zimbabwe" was subsequently covered many times by African artists. In 1980, Marley and the Wailers played a momentous concert in the newly liberated Zimbabwe to an audience of 40,000. In the summer of 1980, his cancer began to spread; he collapsed at Madison Square Garden during a concert. Late in 1980 he began treatment with the controversial cancer specialist Dr. Josef Issels. By 3 May, the doctor had given up. Marley flew to Miami, Florida, where he died on 11 May.
Marley was rightly celebrated in 1992 with the release of an outstanding CD box set chronicling his entire career, although his discography remains cluttered due to the legal ramifications of his estate. His global success had been an inspiration to all Jamaican artists; his name became synonymous with Jamaican music, of which he had been the first authentic superstar. His contribution is thus immense: his career did much to focus the attention of the world on Jamaican music and to establish credibility for it. In addition, he was a charismatic performer, a great singer and superb songwriter - an impossible act to follow for other Jamaican artists.
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